The discussion proposed herein is considered to be of national interest given the specificity of the historic process of the constitution of food service in Brazil, bound to a project of modernization that began in the s, based on the country's urbanization and industrialization 6 , Many lectures suggested a general feeling that this core needs to get stronger. Studies done in laboratories or epidemiological studies can be useful for answering certain questions, but inadequate if we consider a particularity of the core, which is the need of a study that is strongly linked to professional practice.
Along with this process the number of graduate programs in the assessment area of nutrition has grown from five to twenty-five between and 22 , indicating a maturation of research in this field. The inadequate number of research lines, supervisors, and journals to publish the studies produced by this knowledge core was pointed out as a substantial limitation. term paper help guidelines Food service in the scientific field of Food and Nutrition: In parallel to the restlessness related to the lack of acknowledgment by the peers, food service ponders about the need and possibility of leveraging research to ensure competitiveness in the field, as can be seen in the congress and especially in the Forum of Coordinators and Professors of the area.
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Thus, the discussions seen at the congress manifest an attempt of food service, even if very incipient, of organizing itself institutionally, politically, and intellectually, in order to participate in the consolidation of the social spheres of knowledge production and graduate training in Food and Nutrition. Even a methodological approach that is appropriate for some domains can be inappropriate for others, restricting hypotheses and possibilities, and even the criteria used for defining the types of data considered acceptable One example would be the widespread interest of studying soybeans in the field of Food and Nutrition a few years ago.
Assessment of the graduate programs, researchers, and ultimately, of the research projects linked to them is based on productivity, which in turn is increasingly based on the publication of scientific articles. Comments such as, " even professors of the area are discriminated ", or " the objective [of the debates] is to value the professional and prove that there is research, knowledge, in this area " 12 evidence the search for legitimacy. However, anomalies that do not find answer within this paradigm start a crisis that leads to a revolution, with the appearance of new theories incompatible with the existing references and the establishment of a new paradigm. Two principles present in the manifest of the Circle of Vienna a experience is the source of all knowledge, and b logical analysis is the preferential method for solving philosophical problems 25 - in a way prevails in the imaginary of the students, professors, and professionals of the field. This interest in research reflects a search for legitimacy, which in this case would be in science.
You are trying to see if diet affects math scores. While none of the arguments discussed until now seems to offer a universal explanation for the establishment of scientific knowledge, they undo two notions: Realizing their lack of prestige in the scientific field, some of these agents seek to redirect their activities, traditionally focused on the labor market, aiming to participate in graduate programs, since that is where institutionally recognized scientific research occurs. Regardless of this questioning, Popper's proposal, at least, shakes the idea of science as a generator of absolute truths.
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From the concepts of scientific field and capital 1 , 2 of Pierre Bourdieu, this study aims to discuss some aspects of the scientific research conducted in the scope of Food and Nutrition, specifically of food service. Does it indicate that the These studies privilege the biological aspect of the act of eating 8 and try to suit itself to the current scientific production regime imposed by the country's current education and science and technology policies, which establish increasingly higher productivity requirements, disregarding the differences in the research methods proper of many knowledge spaces 9. my essay writer usual day This is what Bourdieu calls scientific capital.
Research has become an institutional requirement, contemplated also with financial incentives such as productivity grants and corresponding symbolic return. For example, focusing only on the administrative aspects and considering that management cannot be reduced to a technique to reach objectives but to a social practice, to settle the contradictions and conflicts that are inherent to the practices employed to reach such objectives 33 , an important component is added that complicates food service activities. need someone to write my essay introduction These relationships regard the dispute for the ability to speak legitimately in the name of science.
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Knowledge from distinct areas mix up, like chemistry and biology in the natural sciences domain and administration, in the humanities domain, and possibly culinary knowledge and the social aspects of food, here understood as different from nutrition. Conducting studies that attempt to separate each component involved in the practice of food service, isolating them definitely, without verifying the connections between the components, will hardly be useful for dealing with the problems that arise. It should be a strong title which narrows down what is the most interesting issue you will be addressing. Thus, the discussions seen at the congress manifest an attempt of food service, even if very incipient, of organizing itself institutionally, politically, and intellectually, in order to participate in the consolidation of the social spheres of knowledge production and graduate training in Food and Nutrition. If the criticism is based on observation and logic, could it not also incur in error since there would be no way of ensuring that the observations were not wrong?
Such vision disregards the need of other approaches and has been pursued by part of the food service agents as the path to its insertion and consolidation in the prestigious world of science. This does not escape from what happens in other knowledge cores of the Food and Nutrition field. According to him, " The production of meals involves the theoretical, scientific, and cultural dimensions 4. The transposition of such barriers imposes, according to the forum participants, investments in the training of doctors and their insertion in graduate programs, without which it is not possible to obtain research grants.
However, this dispute is not balanced since each agent accumulates along his trajectory a different volume of recognition and prestige before other agents, according to the type of academic product that is most valued by the field at any given moment. Nevertheless, his thesis incorporates historic and sociological aspects to the notion of science. From the concepts of scientific field and capital 1 , 2 of Pierre Bourdieu, this study aims to discuss some aspects of the scientific research conducted in the scope of Food and Nutrition, specifically of food service. Knowledge from distinct areas mix up, like chemistry and biology in the natural sciences domain and administration, in the humanities domain, and possibly culinary knowledge and the social aspects of food, here understood as different from nutrition.